Online ISSN: 2788-6867

Volume 1, Issue 1

Volume 1, Issue 1, Winter 2021, Page 1-50

Review Article

Perspectives of Photonics Technology to Diagnosis COVID–19 Viruses: A Short Review

Bakr A. Taha

Journal of Applied Sciences and Nanotechnology, 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.53293/jasn.2021.11016

The COVID-19 disease outbreak has emphasized the critical need for more sensitive analytical technology. Photonic technology focuses on studying light interaction analysis with the molecules to enhance diagnostic tools' accuracy. Due to the distinct spectral signatures, lasers have shown effectiveness in the classification and monitoring of viruses. This work aims to improve healthcare delivery in public areas, markets, hospitals, and airports. However, providing insights into the technical aspect also helping researchers identify the possibilities and difficulties in this field. This short review has been collect from four authoritative databases: Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, Google Scholar. This paper discusses emerging developments in photonic sensor applications such as telehealth, point care, and telescreens in environmental surveillance. It also includes modern studies to identify and diagnose viruses by using photonic techniques. Finally, it was found that the most effective approaches for reducing the spread of the COVID-19 virus pandemic in the environment, besides collecting the big data via an intelligent optical fibre network between the hospitals and other public places.

Regular Article

Evaluation of Hot Corrosion Properties for Nano-coated Superalloy

abbas khammas; Thear Tarish; Abdul Raidha; Ali Khudair

Journal of Applied Sciences and Nanotechnology, 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 7-14
DOI: 10.53293/jasn.2021.11208

The purpose of this study is to optimize the hot corroded pack coated Ni-based super alloy K417G using composite desirability. Pack cementation parameters optimization was performed using quality characteristics of diffusion coatings for pack cementation process, i.e. salt activator, Nano-powders master alloy powder and wt.% Ge. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for observing the most influencing pack cementation parameters on the quality characteristics, i.e. Na2So4-6% wt. V2O5 (kp1), 100 wt% NaSO4 (kp2), and 75 wt. % NaSO4-25 wt % NaCl (kp3). A confirmation test was performed after the optimal process parameters were determined using composite desirability analysis. Based on analysis of variance results, the wt.% of Geis the most significant controllable diffusion coating factor for the hot corroded pack coated K417G at optimum setting conditions (A2, B1, C3) i.e. activator (NaCl), master alloy (90Cr-10Al) and wt.% of Ge (2%) according to the quality characteristics. Composite desirability was successfully applied on optimization of hot corroded pack coated K417G using multi-performance characteristics.

Extended Chaotic Nonlinear Programming Technique Constructing with Genetic Algorithms

Bahaa Kamal; Nadia Al-Saidi

Journal of Applied Sciences and Nanotechnology, 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 15-22
DOI: 10.53293/jasn.2021.11018

Chaos theory has attracted much attention because it fully reflects the complexity of the system, which is an essential property in many applications, especially in the optimization problem.  In this paper, the possibility of improving research by means of evolutionary algorithms (genetic algorithms) will be discussed which used to solve non- linear programming problems. This improvement and development are carried out using a highly quality chaotic map, which was proposed to be used for generating real values (keys) that are used as reference values for the genetic algorithm. A comparison between the results without using chaotic systems and the results after generating the keys is performed. It shows that the results after the chaotic local search (CLS) are improved and congregate with the optimum value of the solutions obtained by the projected process before the CLS. Moreover, the differences between the proposed systems for improvement are also compared. The evaluation parameters for the proposed chaotic function are developed using the Mathematica 11.2 program.

Evaluation of the Biosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles’’ Effects on Biofilm Formation

Nehia Hussein; Mina M. Khadum

Journal of Applied Sciences and Nanotechnology, 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 23-31
DOI: 10.53293/jasn.2021.11019

In this study 50 isolates were obtained from the Baghdad teaching city medicine laboratories, from wounds and burns. Isolates were identified exercise VITEK 2 system (Biomerieux). Streptococcus pyogenes isolate was used to create the biosynthesize of silver nanoparticles’’ against some pathogenic microbes such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans. Evaluation of the effect of the created biosynthesis silver nanoparticles’’ (AgNPs) by Streptococcus pyogenes on the biofilm formation by various human pathogenic bacteria.  Biosynthesis of AgNPs was characterized by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy, the observation of color change of the experimental samples in the presence of 1 mM AgNO3 at 410 nm. A color change from pale yellow to slightly brown occurred for bacterial supernatant within 24 hours of incubation in the presence of light Scanning electron microscope (SEM), the biosynthesis silver nanoparticles’’ are predominately circular fit as a fiddle having a smooth surface and very much scattered with close minimal game plan, X-ray diffraction (XRD). The The normal molecule size was determined by Debye-Scherer equation and its evaluation was roughly 6.43nm. The normal molecule size was determined by Debye-Scherer equation and its evaluation was roughly 6.43nm. The importance of this work lies in the possibility of synthesizing the silver nanoparticles’’ using these bacteria, which are considered as types of fastidious bacteria. As far as the researcher’s knowledge is concerned, this is study is the first of its kind in Iraq.

Study of the Partial Shading Effect on the Performance of Silicon PV Panels String

Shaima K. Abdulridha; Saad A. Tuma; Omar A. Abdulrazzaq

Journal of Applied Sciences and Nanotechnology, 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 32-42
DOI: 10.53293/jasn.2021.11022

In this work, the effect of maintenance bridges partial shading on the performance of the Renewable Energy and Environment Research Center (REERC) PV system was thoroughly investigated, in order to estimate the power loss amount in the PV system due to the maintenance bridges. The study was performed on one panel, then projected on the whole system (540 panels). Partial shade area of the bridges was measured monthly for 9 months (3 months were missing because of the pandemic). The utilized panel in this study is a 2 m2 area panel with 96 solar cells connected in series. Measurements were carried out at three different daytimes for each month (8:30AM, 10:00AM, and 12:00PM). The results showed that loss is occurred in current and power only, where voltage showed less influence with partial shade. The results of the panel were projected to the whole system to estimate the loss of the total REERC system (540 PV panel). The designed power of the system is 155kW. The actual rated power was 78kW at noon in March 9, 2020. This is a drop of 50% of the power. This huge drop is a combined effect for both partial shade and ambient temperature.

Study the Effect of Laser Wavelength on Polymeric Metallic Nanocarrier Synthesis for Curcumin Delivery in Prostate Cancer Therapy: In Vitro Study

Maha A Al-Kinani; Adawiya Haider; Sharafaldin Al-Musawi

Journal of Applied Sciences and Nanotechnology, 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 43-50
DOI: 10.53293/jasn.2021.11023

Drug delivery using nanocarriers is recommended to decrease the drug amount. To improve the different therapeutic characteristics of curcumin (CU) such as solubility, bioavailability, maintenance endorsement, and make it a promising, successful antitumor drug used for prostate cancer treatment. It was introduced to folate decorated chitosan (CS) coated Fe@Au NPs (FA-CU-CS-Fe@Au NPs). Fe@Au nanoparticle contains magnetic Fe NP’s core with a fine layer of Au NP’s synthesized using the method Pulsed, Laser, Ablation in Liquid (PLAL). These Fe@Au NP’s characterized by UV-Visible Spectrophotometer, High-Resolution, Transmission Electron Microscopy, (HRTEM), and Field Emission Scanning, Electron, Microscopy (FESEM). The smallest nanosize and the best result was obtained at different laser wavelength (532, 1064) nm. The mean size gained of Fe@Au NPs were (67.65, 77.88) nm. Obtained results exhibited that the laser wavelength plays a key role in the size, and dispersity of Fe@Au NPs. CU loaded FA-CS-Fe@Au NPs MTT assay on human prostate cancer cell line (PC3) proved that CU cytotoxicity can improve when they are loaded on (FA-CS-Fe@Au NPs) when comparing it with free CU.