The Journal of Applied Sciences and Nanotechnology (JASN) is a leading interdisciplinary open access journal that follows a rigorous, double-blind peer review process. JASN is a major representative of scientific and technological scholarship, disseminating high-impact research results from a broad range of scientific and technical disciplines, particularly applied sciences and nanotechnology...

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Regular Article Materials Science
An Alternative Method for Estimating the Phase Fraction of Multiphase Nanomaterials: Analysis from X-ray Diffraction

Peverga Rex Jubu; Khaled M. Chahrour; Yushamdan Yusof; A. Nathan-Abutu; V. M. Igba; E. Danladi; O. S. Obaseki; M. B. Ochang; W. V. Zhiya; F. K. Yam

Volume 3, Issue 3 , September 2023, Page 1-9

  The presence of multiple phases/ components within a nanocomposite material impacts the properties of a nanomaterial. Therefore, there is a need to estimate the phase fraction of each component present in a sample. Spurr-Myers proposed a valuable formula for estimating the rutile and anatase phase fraction ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Nanotechnology
Preparation of Black Carbon Nanoparticles from Two Sources of Oil Residues with Direct and Indirect Ultrasonic Process

Rusul Mohammed Alsaffar; Balqees M. Al-Dabbagh; Hanaa K. Jawad

Volume 3, Issue 3 , September 2023, Page 10-19

  In this work, two methods for creating carbon nanoparticles from oil waste or by products, which accumulate on pipes and Furnaces walls and reduce equipment efficiency and service life (that can hinder the production process, accordingly it is removed weekly) — are compared. These waste products ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Laser Science and Technology
Effect of Laser Energies on the Performance of Exfoliation and Fragmentation for Hexagonal Boron Nitride by Laser

Mayyadah H. Mohsin; Khawla S. Khashan; Ghassan M. Sulaiman; Khalil A. A. Khalil

Volume 3, Issue 3 , September 2023, Page 20-36

  A technique for exfoliating Boron nitride (BN) nanosheets was devised, which was then followed by a laser ablation-fragmentation process to produce lamellar hexagonal Boron nitride nanostructures (h-BNNs). The physicochemical properties of the nanoparticles were analyzed to investigate the effect of ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Applied Physics
Characterization of Prepared Polyaniline Nanofibers Based on a Hydrothermal Variation of Aniline Concentration

Sura R. Mohammed; Mukhlis M. Ismail; Isam M. Ibrahim

Volume 3, Issue 3 , September 2023, Page 37-46

  Polyaniline nanofibers (PAni-NFs) have been synthesized under various concentrations (0.12, 0.16, and 0.2 g/l) of aniline and different times (2h and 3 h) by hydrothermal method at 90°C. Was conducted with the use of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared spectra (FTIR), Ultraviolet-Visible ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Materials Science
Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Model of Scour at Upstream of a Slit Weir

Ruaa Khalid Hamdan; Aqeel Al-Adili; Thamer Ahmed Mohammed

Volume 3, Issue 3 , September 2023, Page 47-61

  This study presents an experimental measurements and three-dimensional simulation of time-varying scour, along with the variables affecting the resulted scour hole dimensions and evolution at center and side weirs. Slit weir location, crest level, flow rate and sediment size were tested within 34 steady ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Chemistry
The Effect of Nutrients and Their Role in the Progression of Periodontal Disease

Sara Salam Ali; M. S. Ali; Abdulnasser M. Al-Gebori; Hassanien Ahmed Hadi Al-Jumaily; Poh Choon Ooi; Asalnov Jamaladdin Nuraddin

Volume 3, Issue 3 , September 2023, Page 62-74

  Periodontal disease is a common disease and may affect 90% of people, and is classified into gingivitis and periodontitis. The objective of this study was if the deficiency of some vitamins and trace elements affects the increase in exposure to periodontal diseases or to find out whether the periodontal ...  Read More ...

Application of Electrosprayed Nanoparticles as Targeted Drug Delivery Systems: A Mini Review

Sanaz Khademolqorani; Seyedeh Nooshin Banitaba

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, , Page 1-7

  Nanoparticles (NPs) are referred to as tiny materials in size ranging from 1 to 100 nm. Unique characteristics of the NPs, including small sizes and high surface area, appropriate reactivity, proper stability, great strength, and many more, have resulted in their wide use in numerous fields. Among different ...  Read More ...

Study of the Effect of Laser Energy on the Structural and Optical Properties of TiO2 NPs Prepared by PLAL Technique

Israa F. Hasan; Khawla S. Khashan; Aseel A. Hadi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, , Page 11-19

  Titanium dioxide nanoparticles were produced in this work by laser ablation of a high purity titanium objective immersed in distilled water. Optical and structural properties of the obtained TiO2 NPs using a Q-switched Nd: YAG laser of 1064nm wavelength with different laser energy (80, 100, 120, 140, ...  Read More ...

A Review of Nano-catalyst Applications in Kerosene Desulfurization Techniques

Sahar M. Abd Zaid; Adnan A. AbdulRazak; Mohammad F. Abid

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, , Page 86-102

  The production of clean liquid fuels is critical to maintaining a healthy life and environment around the world. To meet the new sulfur standard requirements, sulfur compounds must be effectively and completely removed from fuel oil. Therefore, researchers' attention turned to research into different ...  Read More ...

Using Bioinformatics and NCBI Tools to Sequence and Structure Analysis of Transcription Factor 7 Like 2 Gene (TCF7L2) in Iraqi Diabetic Mellitus Type II Patients

Batool K. Queen; Abbas A. Mohammed

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, , Page 1-10

  In this paper, the study aimed to analyze the sequence and structure of Transcription Factor 7 Like 2 gene (TCF7L2) in Iraqi Diabetic Mellitus Type II (T2DM) Patients and was compared with standard sequence form National Center of Bioinformatics Tools (NCBI) using BLAST. Ten blood samples of (T2DM) Iraqi ...  Read More ...

Nanoplasmonic Sensing Using Gold Nanostructures

Abbas A. Thajeel; Mohammed A. Ibrahem; Duha S. Ahmed

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, , Page 8-15

  Nanoplasmonic sensing, based on the plasmonic resonance absorption of thin, irregularly-shaped Au nanostructures film, with a starting thickness of about 15 nm (±3 nm) sputtered on a quartz substrate, is used to monitor the CeO2 NPs (with an average diameter of 50 nm) film refractive index variations ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Nanotechnology
Bioinformatical Prediction of G-quadruplex Aptamer for Detection of a Ligand in Practice

Mohammad Reza Hosseini VeleshKolaei; Pooria Gill; Adele Rafati; Marzieh Adiani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 October 2023

  Considering the introduction of aptamers as a new generation of analyte identifiers, this class of materials can be used in diagnostic systems because aptamers are easier to produce, more sensitive, higher accuracy, less sensitive to environmental factors, easier to handle and can be used. A special ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Laser Science and Technology
Stimulated Raman Scattering of Q-Gaussian Laser Beam in an Unmagnetized Plasma

Ahmed S. Ahmed; Hyder A. Salih; Khaleel I. Hassoon; Sukhdeep Kaur

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 October 2023

  This study describes the relativistic q-Gaussian laser beam's stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in an unmagnetized plasma. Moreover, the influence of the pump laser's relativistic self-focusing on the SRS process has been investigated. Using variational theory, we derived analytical solutions to the ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Materials Science
Microstructure-Modulated Antibacterial Performance of Chemically Precipitated SnO2 Nanoparticles

Shatha Sh. Batros; Mohammed H. Ali; Ali J. Addie

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 31 October 2023

  Tin oxide (SnO2) nanoparticles were synthesized via a facile chemical precipitation route using tin chloride (SnCl2•2H2O) as precursor and ammonia as precipitant. The as-synthesized nanoparticles were subjected to post-calcination at 300°C, 400°C and 500°C and thoroughly characterized ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Materials Science
Biogenic Synthesis, Spectroscopic Characterization and Bioactivity of Cymbopogon citratus Derived Silver Nanoparticles

Narcisse B. Basosila; Clément L. Inkoto; Ormiel M. Maganga; Blaise Mbembo; Giresse N. Kasiama; Carlos Kabengele; Clarisse M. Falanga; Colette A. Masengo; Pius T. Mpiana; Koto-Te-Nyiwa Ngbolua

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 02 November 2023

  The use of plant extracts as a bio-reducer for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles has attracted attention due to its rapid, ecological, non-toxic and economical protocol. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of synthesizing silver nanoparticles using Cymbopogon citratus leaf extract, ...  Read More ...

Review Article Chemistry
Versatile Applications of Mannich Base Ligands and their Metal ‎Complexes: A Review Article

Enass J. Waheed; Ali M. A. Al-Khazraji; Awf A. R. Ahmed

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 November 2023

  Mannich base is a versatile compound that can be easily modified to introduce different functional groups, allowing for the creation diverse selection of items with varying features. Additionally, the Mannich reaction is a valuable tool in organic synthesis, due to the fact it provides an effortless ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Applied Mathematics
Connection between Graphs' Chromatic and Ehrhart Polynomials

Ola A. Neamah; Shatha A. Salman

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 November 2023

  Graph Theory is a discipline of mathematics with numerous outstanding issues and applications in a variety of sectors of mathematics and science. The chromatic polynomial is a type of polynomial that has useful and attractive qualities. Ehrhart's polynomials and chromatic analysis are two essential techniques ...  Read More ...

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