Document Type : Regular Article
The modified Graphene Oxide (GO) synthesis methods used over the past sixty years is contributed mainly to improving its characteristics and increasing its advanced applications. Therefore, in this work, modifying Hummer’s Method via oxidizing graphite flakes using one type of acid (H2SO4) was performed without any chemical agents. Also, ultra-sonication and filtration were implemented with optimal parameters (50 kHz frequency during 120 minutes at room temperature 30 oC) to prepare GO nanosheets. These procedures improved GO characteristics via analyzing; Particle size, X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), Ultra-violet visible (UV-vis) absorption, and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The obtained results showed that the characteristics of GO nano-sheets had met the preparation requirements, such as reducing the average diameter of GO nano‑sheets from 313 nm to 94 nm. Moreover, characterizing the diffraction angle of GO at 9.86o and the optimal absorption by UV-vis achieved at 230 nm. The synthesis and exfoliation of GO nano-sheets were carried out with fewer impacts of toxicity using distilled water. Finally, this GO synthesis in the lab might be used to make a variety of nanocomposites.