Review Article Nanotechnology
Application of Electrosprayed Nanoparticles as Targeted Drug Delivery Systems: A Mini Review

Sanaz Khademolqorani; Seyedeh Nooshin Banitaba

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 1-7

  Nanoparticles (NPs) are referred to as tiny materials in size ranging from 1 to 100 nm. Unique characteristics of the NPs, including small sizes and high surface area, appropriate reactivity, proper stability, great strength, and many more, have resulted in their wide use in numerous fields. Among different ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Nanotechnology
Nanoplasmonic Sensing Using Gold Nanostructures

Abbas A. Thajeel; Mohammed A. Ibrahem; Duha S. Ahmed

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 8-15

  Nanoplasmonic sensing, based on the plasmonic resonance absorption of thin, irregularly-shaped Au nanostructures film, with a starting thickness of about 15 nm (±3 nm) sputtered on a quartz substrate, is used to monitor the CeO2 NPs (with an average diameter of 50 nm) film refractive index variations ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Biotechnology
Study the Effect of Cinnamon and Tea Tree Oils on Biofilm Formation of Klebsiella Pneumoniae

Halah F. Rafeeq; Zahraa A. Sharba

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 16-26

  Klebsiella pneumoniae is a noteworthy human pathogen. As a virulence factor, these bacteria may create a thick coating of extracellular biofilm. This aids the organism's adhesion to biotic as well as abiotic surfaces, preventing antimicrobial agents from doing their job. Infections caused by bacterial ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Biotechnology
DNA Analysis of qacE Gene in Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Isolated from Iraqi Patient

Rana M. Abdullah; Shahla N. Al-Azzawi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 27-37

  Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause different infections such as nosocomial bacterial infection, Urinary tract infection, Meningitis, Eye infection, Otitis Media, Respiratory infections, and Pneumonia, especially in people with Cystic fibrosis, Bone and joints infection, ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Applied Physics
Preparation and Characterization of PANI/PVA Blends as Electrolyte Materials

Doaa Akram; Nahida Hameed

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 38-46

  This work presents a detailed study on the preparation and performance of polyaniline (PANI)/Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) blend. The blends are prepared by the casting method at different weight ratios (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 wt%). The structural morphology was characterized using scanning electron microscope ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Applied Mathematics
Calculating Modern Roman Domination of Fan Graph and Double Fan Graph

Saba Salah; Ahmed A. Omran; Manal N. Al-Harere

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 47-54

  This paper is concerned with the concept of modern Roman domination in graphs. A Modern Roman dominating function on a graph is labeling such that every vertex with label 0 is adjacent to two vertices; one of them of label 2 and the other of label 3 and every vertex with label 1 is adjacent to a vertex ...  Read More ...

Review Article Chemistry
Synthesis, Characterization and Corrosion Inhibition of Novel Pyridine on Mild Steel in Hydrochloric Acid Environment

Bassma A. Hadi; Hiba H. Ibraheem

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 55-63

  Corrosion inhibitions in corrosive solutions of hydrochloric acid for mild steel by chemical compound 3-acetyl-4-(4-bromophenyl)-6-2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl pyridine-2(1H)-one (ABCP), was conducted and the chemical structure was elucidated The Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (H-NMR) and Fourier Transform Infrared ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Nanotechnology
Preparation and Characterization of Porous Silicon for Photodetector Applications

Shahad S. Khudiar; Uday M. Nayef; Falah A. Mutlak

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 64-69

  Photoelectrochemical etching (PECE) was used to prepare porous silicon (PS) layers of polished surfaces of (100) n-type silicon wafers with a resistance of 0.1-100 μm and thickness of 600 ± 25 μm. The directed slices are to be catalyzed at different etching times (5, 15, 25 min) with a constant ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Materials Science
A Physico-chemical Contribution to the Conventional Technique of Preparation Graphene Oxide

Zainab B. Abd; Nasser A. Habib; Abbas khammas

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 70-78

  The modified Graphene Oxide (GO) synthesis methods used over the past sixty years is contributed mainly to improving its characteristics and increasing its advanced applications. Therefore, in this work, modifying Hummer’s Method via oxidizing graphite flakes using one type of acid (H2SO4) was ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Biotechnology
Computational Analysis of Interleukin 17A Activity in Breast Cancer Patients Using Bioinformatics Methods

Abdalrahman S. Mohammed‬; Abbas A. Al-Janabi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 79-85

  In the current study, bioinformatics approach has been utilized to discover the sequences and structures analysis of IL-17A of breast cancer and compares with normal sequence from NCBI. The current study was aimed to discuss the possibility of using IL-17A as a marker for patients with breast cancer. ...  Read More ...

Review Article Nanotechnology
A Review of Nano-catalyst Applications in Kerosene Desulfurization Techniques

Sahar M. Abd Zaid; Adnan A. AbdulRazak; Mohammad F. Abid

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 86-102

  The production of clean liquid fuels is critical to maintaining a healthy life and environment around the world. To meet the new sulfur standard requirements, sulfur compounds must be effectively and completely removed from fuel oil. Therefore, researchers' attention turned to research into different ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Nanotechnology
Improvement of Substrates Properties by Incorporating Titanium Nanoparticles Deposited by DC Diode Sputtering Approach

Iman H. Hadi; Muslim F. Jawad; Khaleel I. Hassoon

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 103-111

  In this work, synthesis of titanium thin films on two different substrates (glass and n-type Si), with thicknesses of 90 and 145 nm at two different times (5 and 10 min) respectively, has been obtained. The thin films have been successfully deposited on glass and silicon substrates using DC diode sputtering ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Biotechnology
Determination of Risk Factors and Some Biomarkers Parameters during Infected Iraqis with Covid-19

Rafah A. Salih; Ali A. Taha; Nadira S. Mohamed

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 112-123

  Covid-19 is a global challenge that drives health care to its limits. Biological parameters associated with increased risk of severe or fatal disease courses were identified, including conditions connected with a poor state of health, organ damage, and coagulation dysfunction. In a recent study, risk ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Nanotechnology
Effect of Nitrate via CVD Coating on Hydrogen Embrittlement in High Strength Steel Treated with Zinc PVD Coating

Ihsan Ali; Ameen D. Thamer; Faras Q. Mohammad

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 124-131

  High strength low alloy steel (HSLAS) is quite sensitive to hydrogen embrittlement due to its different phases. This study investigated the hydrogen embrittlement (HE) behavior of uncoated, physically vapor deposition (PVD) coated, and chemically vapor deposition (CVD) coated HSLAS. The XRD indicates ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Applied Mathematics
Some Properties of Strongly Principally Self-Injective Modules

Khalid S. Munshid; Mohanad F. Hamid; Jehad R. Kider

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2022, Page 132-141

  The idea of generalizing quasi injective by employing a new term is introduced in this paper. The introduction of principally self-injective modules, which are principally self-injective modules. A number of characteristics and characterizations of such modules have been established. In addition, the ...  Read More ...