Regular Article Biotechnology
Using Bioinformatics and NCBI Tools to Sequence and Structure Analysis of Transcription Factor 7 Like 2 Gene (TCF7L2) in Iraqi Diabetic Mellitus Type II Patients

Batool K. Queen; Abbas A. Mohammed

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 1-10

  In this paper, the study aimed to analyze the sequence and structure of Transcription Factor 7 Like 2 gene (TCF7L2) in Iraqi Diabetic Mellitus Type II (T2DM) Patients and was compared with standard sequence form National Center of Bioinformatics Tools (NCBI) using BLAST. Ten blood samples of (T2DM) Iraqi ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Nanotechnology
Study of the Effect of Laser Energy on the Structural and Optical Properties of TiO2 NPs Prepared by PLAL Technique

Israa F. Hasan; Khawla S. Khashan; Aseel A. Hadi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 11-19

  Titanium dioxide nanoparticles were produced in this work by laser ablation of a high purity titanium objective immersed in distilled water. Optical and structural properties of the obtained TiO2 NPs using a Q-switched Nd: YAG laser of 1064nm wavelength with different laser energy (80, 100, 120, 140, ...  Read More ...

Review Article Chemistry
Synthesis, Bio-evaluation and Quantum Chemical Studies of Some Coumarin Derivatives

Yasameen Kadhim Hasan Al-Majedy; Samar M. Shakir

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 20-27

  Coumarins are oxygen heterocyclic compounds that exist naturally and have a wide range of pharmacological properties, making them ideal as lead compounds for developing more powerful analogs. The modification of 4-methyl, 7-hydroxycoumarin by different reaction steps was done in this study to yield target ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Laser Science and Technology
Study of the Vacuum Pressure Sensing from the Electrical Resistance Response of Porous Silicon Fabricated via Photo-Electrochemical Technique

Noor S. Dawood; Mehdi Q. Zayer; Muslim F. Jawad

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 28-36

  The manufacturing of vacuum sensors is critical to several vacuum-based applications. Porous silicon (PSi) was chosen as the vacuum sensor due to the possibility of moving air particles settled inside the pores while being put in the vacuum. The characteristics of porous silicon sensing to the evacuation ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Biotechnology
Determination of Interferon Gamma Protein in Serum of Breast Cancer Patients Using the ELISA

Noor E. Hassan; Abbas A. Mohammed

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 37-48

  Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is a cytokine involved in the induction and modulation of various immune responses. INF-γ has recently been associated with breast cancer and the stage of the disease. Also, it can be used as a cancer marker in determining disease activity. The ELISA test is a technique ...  Read More ...

Review Article Materials Science
A Short Review on Preparation and Characterization of Iraqi Porcelanite Aggregate Concrete

Sahar I. Ahmed; Aqeel S. Al-Adili; Awham M. Hameed

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 49-58

  Conventional concrete is recognized for its high density, which leads to a higher cost of building foundations and columns. Recently, many efforts have been made to produce lower density concrete with acceptable and applicable mechanical properties. One option can reduce the density of the conventional ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Biotechnology
The Biological Activity of Mycosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles Against some Pathogenic Bacteria

Rana A. Hikmet; Nehia N. Hussein

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 59-68

  This study was carried out for the mycosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by Candida albicans supernatant.  All the isolates used in this study were taken from the patients who existed at Al-Elweya children's teaching hospital in Baghdad, Iraq. Mycosynthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Materials Science
Study of the Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Refractory Mortars from Kaolin and Bentonite

Faten Hasan Gata; ENAS MHUI

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 69-79

  In this paper, Mortar was prepared from medium alumina refractory grog, bricks crashed as a mean material to a particular size, and Iraqi raw (kaolin or bentonite) as binding materials. Refractory bricks were crushed, milled, then sieved to three particle sizes: fine as (1.18 >fine> 0) mm, medium ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Nanotechnology
Polysulfone/TiO2 Thin Film Nanocomposite for Commercial Ultrafiltration Membranes

Saja H. Salim; Riyad H. Al-Anbari; Adawiya Haider

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 80-89

  Due to low water fluxes, commercial ultrafiltration (UF) membranes used in water treatment need to be improved. High-quality UF membranes were fabricated from polysulfone (PSF)/titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanocomposite fibers as substrates using the spray pyrolysis method. The influence of nano-TiO2 on the ...  Read More ...

Regular Article Biotechnology
Effects of Melatonin and Flaxseeds Oil on Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Parameters in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Haitham Kadhim; Arwa Al-Shuwiakh; Noor M. Ali; Faruk H. Aljawad; Hashim M. Hashim; Ashwaq Q. Gorji

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2022, Page 90-98

  In patients with diabetes, chronic inflammation is characterised by the increase in C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumour necrosis alpha (TNF-α). The consumption of melatonin and flaxseed oil may improve insulin sensitivity and the effectiveness of diabetic medications. The current study investigated ...  Read More ...